LEOPOLD FELLOWS—Call for Applications for 2015-2016
The Nicholas D. Chabraja Center for Historical Studies announces the 8th year of its undergraduate program honoring Professor Richard Leopold, a long-time member of the NU Department of History. The program provides a small group of able undergraduate students with an opportunity to engage in genuine historical research. Leopold Fellows will work on current faculty research projects, learning how to interpret archival and documentary materials. Successful candidates should demonstrate an interest in learning how to interpret complex primary data. Working under the guidance of a member of the Department of History, the Leopold Fellow will learn how scholars develop arguments out of diverse research materials.
Each Leopold Fellow receives financial support as a Research Assistant (at $10 per hour for a possible average of 8-10 hours a week). The program should not be confused with Work-Study. The program may also fund travel or other expenses incurred by the Leopold Fellows.
Students may apply to be Leopold Fellows for two or three quarters, which can include the summer. The Leopold Fellows meet formally as a group once or more a quarter to discuss their experiences. At the end of the fellowship term a completed survey form and a short report on the substance of the research are required.
Application process: Please look over our list of faculty projects below and if interested apply for a Fellowship. History faculty may nominate students to apply or interested students may apply in response to a specific faculty project. In either case, please provide the following information:
- one-page resume with name, year, and contact information
- list of history classes taken (with grades received)
- short statement about why you would like to pursue a Leopold Fellowship, indicating on which
ONE or TWO projects you would like to work and what quarters you are AVAILABLE.
Please send applications to Asst. Director Elzbieta Foeller-Pituch via e-mail at email@example.com. The deadline for completed applications is Monday, MAY 4 by 4 p.m. Faculty may wish to interview you in the next few weeks. Announcement of successful candidates will occur in the fourth week of May.
Questions should be directed via e-mail to firstname.lastname@example.org or phone (847-467-0885).The CCHS website is at www.historicalstudies.northwestern.edu and updated FACULTY RESEARCH PROJECT descriptions and details can be viewed online at http://www.historicalstudies.northwestern.edu/leopold.htm .
Please note: Leopold Fellows may be dropped from the program, if they fail to work closely with their mentor or cannot carry out the proposed research assignment in a timely and ethical fashion.
2015-2016 Faculty research projects
(some more may be added in April)
The Ghetto without Walls: The Holocaust in Bohemia and Moravia
The Leopold Fellow will contribute to research for my current book project: The Ghetto without Walls: The Identification, Isolation and Deportation of Bohemian and Moravia Jewry, 1938-1945. Once completed, the book will present a comprehensive history of the Jews of Bohemia and Moravia (today’s Czech Republic) from the onset of Nazi German occupation to postwar efforts to punish war criminals. From 1938 onwards the once integrated Jewish community found itself increasingly isolated by a series of repressive sanctions that deprived Jews of their civic rights, property, and freedoms of association, movement, and religion. Historians have described this process as the construction of a “ghetto without walls,” which segregated Jews from their Gentile neighbors and created the conditions for their ultimate deportation to ghettoes and killing centers. My project seeks to discover who initiated, developed, implemented these sanctions and to what extent (and with what effect) the measures were enforced. I also aim to recapture how the region’s Jews experienced the process of social isolation prior to their deportation.
The Leopold Fellow will conduct research on the oral testimonies of Holocaust survivors. Northwestern is one of the few access points to the USA Shoah Foundation Visual History Archive (a.k.a. the Spielberg archive), a database of more than 51,000 interviews conducted with witnesses to the Holocaust. The Fellow will analyze testimony of survivors from Bohemia and Moravia and will seek to understand the nature of life under Nazi occupation. In particular, the fellow will reconstruct how Jews interacted with their Gentile neighbors and how they reacted to persecution (for example, how they educated their children after Jews had been expelled from the schools; how they procured food they weren’t allowed according to rationing; how they maintained religious life once synagogues were closed; etc.). The USC Shoah Archive interviews are in a number of languages. The Leopold Fellow can conduct the research in English and/or Hebrew.
Open 2-3 quarters in 2015-16. Languages: English and/or Hebrew.
New Voices in Closed Spaces: The Administrative State and the Right to Participate
What did the right to participate in agency action look like, in the years following the New Deal? And what did the expansion of this right in the 1960s and 1970s mean for agency autonomy? To answer this question, I am looking at the evolution of participation at economic regulatory agencies, such as the Civil Aeronautics Board, the Federal Trade Commission, and the Interstate Commerce Commission, from their heyday in the 1930s to the outburst of new pressures (from civil rights groups, women’s groups, and environmental groups) in the 1960s and 1970s. By design, regulated parties played an active role in the administrative process at each agency, and each developed in tandem with the industry they regulated. Such relationships defined administrators’ conceptions of competition and the public interest, and these close relations between regulator and regulated demonstrated the power of access (and gave rise to frequent charges of capture and clientalism). However, as public interest groups began to recognize the importance of administrative authority, they challenged the commissions’ traditional bureaucratic autonomy. I am interested in how these confrontations occurred, and how successful they were at bringing fresh voices into closed spaces.
Summer and Fall 2015. Some experience with legal materials preferred but not required.
Susan J. PEARSON
Registering Birth: Populations and Personhood in the United States of America
Do you know when you were born? Most of us do know exactly the date of our birth and we use our birth certificates to prove our age and national citizenship for access to all kinds of rights and privileges: to attend school, work, vote, hold political office, drive, marry, get a passport, and more. But this is a surprisingly recent state of affairs. It was not until the middle of the twentieth century that babies born in the United States were reliably registered at birth. In this, the United States lagged far behind other industrialized, Western nations. My research project traces how and why birth registration and birth certificates became both universal and compulsory throughout the United States.
I would like to employ a Leopold Fellow for Fall 2015 & Winter 2016 (those these dates are flexible). A Fellow would help with two distinct research tasks. First, the Fellow would utilize archival collections at the Chicago Public Library and the Chicago History Museum. Second, the fellow would conduct magazine and newspaper research in Evanston to help identify significant events, legal reforms, and persons involved in the history of birth registration.
Go Directly to Jail: The Punitive Turn in American Life,
My project traces the connections and feedback loops between war-fighting and crime-fighting in the US since the 1960s. It attempts to explain why Americans became fond of speaking of a “war on crime,” how the militarization of policing came about, why mass incarceration arose, and why a punitive stance emerged in many other arenas (“zero tolerance” in schools, for example). It focuses especially on presidential and other political rhetoric about crime.
A Leopold Fellow would help retrieve and analyze public opinion data and political rhetoric, especially post-2000. Much of this book is now drafted, and a Fellow would also assist in refining draft chapters by plugging gaps in their evidence, updating and/or double-checking citations (especially to online sources), and assessing what makes sense to them in the drafts. No special skills are required, but industriousness and initiative in tracking things down and calling new sources to my attention are important. A basic knowledge of post-1960 US history is essential. The Fellow would work mostly in the fall and winter quarters. Fall 2015 and winter 2016.